7 Childhood diseases

7 childhood diseases - Prasad Hospital KPHB colony

About 7 childhood illnesses:
Diarrhoea and vomiting
Fever in children

Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to recurrent episodes of wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath, particularly in response to triggers like allergens, respiratory infections, or exercise.

Bronchiolitis is a common respiratory infection in young children, typically caused by a viral infection such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). It affects the small airways (bronchioles) in the lungs, leading to symptoms like coughing, wheezing, difficulty breathing, and in severe cases, respiratory distress.

Chickenpox is a highly contagious viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is characterized by a red, itchy rash that develops into fluid-filled blisters, along with fever, headache, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Vaccination has significantly reduced the incidence of chickenpox in many countries.

The common cold is a viral infection affecting the upper respiratory tract, characterized by symptoms such as a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat, cough, mild fever, and fatigue. It is usually self-limiting and resolves within a week without specific treatment.

Coughing is a common symptom of various childhood illnesses, including respiratory infections like colds, bronchitis, or pneumonia, as well as asthma, allergies, and environmental irritants. Coughing helps clear the airways of mucus and foreign particles but can be distressing if persistent or severe.

Croup is a viral infection that affects the upper airway, causing inflammation and narrowing of the larynx (voice box) and trachea (windpipe). It leads to symptoms such as a barking cough, hoarseness, stridor (a high-pitched sound when breathing in), and difficulty breathing, particularly at night.

Diarrhoea and vomiting:
Diarrhoea and vomiting are common childhood illnesses, often caused by viral or bacterial infections, food poisoning, or dietary indiscretion. They lead to symptoms like frequent loose stools, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, and dehydration, especially in young children.

Fever in children:
Fever is a common symptom of various childhood illnesses, including viral and bacterial infections, inflammatory conditions, and immunizations. It is the body’s natural response to infection and helps fight off the invading pathogens. Fever is generally not harmful and can be managed with fever-reducing medications and appropriate hydration. However, high fever or fever persisting for more than a few days may warrant medical attention.