Most common Orthopedic problems

Common Orthopedic Problems - Prasad Hospital KPHB colony

Most common Orthopedic problems:

Orthopedic problems encompass a wide range of conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system, including bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. Some of the most common orthopedic problems include:

Osteoarthritis (OA):
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in the joints. It leads to pain, stiffness, swelling, and reduced range of motion in affected joints, most commonly the knees, hips, hands, and spine. Risk factors for OA include aging, obesity, joint injury, and genetic predisposition.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA):
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, leading to pain, swelling, stiffness, and joint deformity. RA primarily affects the small joints of the hands and feet and can also involve other organs and systems in the body. Early diagnosis and aggressive treatment are crucial to prevent joint damage and disability.

Fractures, or broken bones, occur when the force applied to a bone exceeds its strength, resulting in a crack or break. Fractures can occur in various locations, including the wrist, ankle, hip, and spine, and can range from minor hairline fractures to severe breaks requiring surgical intervention. Treatment typically involves immobilization with casts, splints, or braces, and in some cases, surgery to realign and stabilize the bones.

Back Pain:
Back pain is a common orthopedic complaint that can result from muscle strains, ligament sprains, herniated discs, spinal stenosis, osteoarthritis, or other underlying conditions. It can range from mild discomfort to severe, debilitating pain and may be acute or chronic in nature. Treatment options include rest, physical therapy, pain medications, spinal injections, and in some cases, surgery.

Rotator Cuff Injuries:
The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint and facilitate arm movement. Rotator cuff injuries, such as tears or strains, can result from repetitive overhead motions, trauma, or degenerative changes with aging. Symptoms include shoulder pain, weakness, and limited range of motion. Treatment may include rest, physical therapy, corticosteroid injections, or surgical repair.

Tendinitis is inflammation or irritation of a tendon, the thick cord that attaches muscle to bone, and can occur in various parts of the body, including the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, or ankle. It is often caused by overuse, repetitive motions, or injury and leads to pain, swelling, and tenderness in the affected area. Treatment involves rest, ice, anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and in severe cases, surgery.

Orthopedic problems can significantly impact a person’s mobility, function, and quality of life. Early diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and preventive measures such as regular exercise, proper ergonomics, and lifestyle modifications are essential for managing orthopedic conditions effectively and maintaining musculoskeletal health.